Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Dec 13, Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE WITCH-PERSECUTIONS. 1. WITCH-PERSECUTION IN THE EARLIER FIFTEENTH CENTURY. Nider, Formicarius, ed. of Augsburg.
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Salem witch trials — This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.
Then a certain priest, or rather pimp, seduced this witch with talk of love; so that she stole away with him at length and went to Metz, where she lived as his concubine and showed all men openly by what spirit she was led.
He cites his informants: Then certain men of great learning wrote treatises concerning her, wherein they expressed not only diverse but also adverse opinions as to the Maid.
We have in our days the distinguished professor of divinity, brother Heinrich Kaltyseren, Inquisitor of Heretical Depravity.
Views Read Edit View history. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. The Formicarius was the second book ever printed to discuss witchcraft, and is of great importance for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europe. And they shall also have formixarius and entire liberty to propound and preach to the faithful the word of God, as often as formicadius shall seem to them fitting and proper, in each and all of the parish churches in the said provinces, and to do all things necessary and suitable under the aforesaid circumstances, and likewise freely and fully to carry them out.
Bound in flrmicarius German blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards; two brass clasps and engraved brass catchplates. This region is also where the book was most widely read.
The teacher is a theologian who is clearly meant to be Nider himself, while the student is presented as a curious but lazy individual who is there primarily to prompt the theologian to recount contemporary stories related to the book’s many themes.
Retrieved from ” https: Recently found by via Libri One of the earliest books which throws light upon the methods of the persecutions is the Formicariusor “Ant-Hill,” of the Dominican theological professor, Johannes Nider, written, in its final form, about Main Ancient Medieval Modern. With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century.
Browse more rare books from the year Desiring with supreme ardor, as pastoral solicitude requires, that the catholic faith in our days everywhere grow and flourish as much as possible, and that all heretical pravity be put far from the territories of the faithful, we freely declare and anew decree this by which our pious desire may be fulfilled, and, all errors being rooted out by our toil as with the hoe of a wise laborer, zeal and devotion to this faith may take deeper hold on the hearts of the faithful themselves.
I subjoin here his account of St.
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When therefore one of these women saw that she had been misled by an angel of Satan, she relinquished that which she had begun, by the advice of her masters, and, as was her duty, abjured her error forthwith.
Please see link for more information: The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people. One clasp defective, the other fully functional. Fragments of 14th-century vellum manuscript used as spine-liner.
There were other books written about witchcraft before this. Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Thus bound under curse, she quitted. A third view is, that the judge may safely promise witches to spare their lives, if only he will later excuse himself from pronouncing the sentence and will let another do this in his place. Relating then two or three anecdotes derived from these sources, the theologian closes his answer with this one:.
For she was said to have cut a napkin in pieces, and suddenly to have restored it whole in the sight of the people; to have thrown a glass against the wall and broken it and to have repaired it in a moment, and to have shown many such idle devices.
The judge must then address to the prisoners the following sentence: Despite the efforts of the Dominicans, it was with much difficulty that the new terror of witchcraft and the persecution based on it were spread throughout Europe.
This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means to address with almost no further reference to ants. Given in Rome, at St. Last year, while he was exercising his inquisitorial office in the city of Cologne, as he himself told me, he found in the neighborhood a certain maiden who always went about in a man’s dress, bore arms and dissolute garments like one of nobles’ retainers; she danced in dances with men, and was so given to feasting and drink that she seemed altogether to pass the bounds of her sex, which she did not conceal.
At this same time two women arose near Paris, preaching publicly that they had been sent by God to help Maid Joan; and, as I heard from the very lips of the aforesaid Master Nicolas, they were forthwith arrested as witches or sorceresses by the Inquisitor for France, and examined by many Doctors of Theology, and found at length to have been deceived by the ravings of the evil spirit. The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format.
And, although our beloved sons Henricus Institoris and Jacobus Sprenger, of the order of Friars Preachers, professors of theology, have been and still are deputed by our apostolic letters as inquisitors of heretical pravity, the former in the aforesaid parts of upper Germany, including the provinces, cities, territories, dioceses, and other places as above, and the latter throughout certain parts of the course of the Rhine; Nevertheless certain of the clergy and of the laity of those parts, seeking to be wise above what is fitting, because in the said letter of deputation the.
This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat If any presume to attempt this, let him know that he incurs the wrath of almighty God and of the blessed apostles Peter and Paul. We therefore, desiring, as is our duty, to remove all impediments by which in any way the said inquisitors are hindered in the exercise of their office, and to prevent the taint of heretical pravity and of other like evils from spreading their infection to the ruin of others who are innocent, the zeal of religion especially impelling us, in order that the provinces, cities, dioceses, territories, and places aforesaid in the said parts of upper Germany may not be deprived of the office of inquisition which is their due, do hereby decree, by virtue of our apostolic authority, that it shall be permitted to the said inquisitors in these regions to exercise their office of inquisition and to proceed to the correction, imprisonment, and punishment of the aforesaid persons for their said offences and crimes, in all respects and altogether precisely as if the provinces, cities, territories, places, persons, and offences aforesaid were expressly named in the said letter.
The work is further of note for its information regarding notably infamous figures of the time, one of whom was the sorcerer Scavius, who reputedly escaped his enemies on multiple occasions by metamorphosing into a mouse.
In your opinion, have some good men been deceived by sorceresses or witches in our own day? Indeed, this woman claimed to be that same Joan, raised up by God. Some hold that even a witch of very ill repute, against whom the evidence justifies violent suspicion, and who, as a ringleader of the witches, is accounted very dangerous, may be assured her life, and condemned instead to perpetual imprisonment on bread and water, in case she will give forrmicarius and convincing testimony against other witches; yet this penalty of formicrius imprisonment must not be announced to her, but only that her life will be spared, and that she will be punished in some other fashion, perhaps by exile.
The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants. The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some. Even when armed with the papal bull, the German Inquisitors found their preparation incomplete.