El delincuente honrado (Spanish Edition) [Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. El delincuente honrado. Some years ago J. Polt drew attention to Jovellanos’ description of his play El delincuente honrado as a “comedia tierna” or “drama sentimental. If comedy. El delincuente honrado by Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos at – ISBN – ISBN – CreateSpace Independent.
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Durimel is not, like Torcuato, illegitimate; the effect of the recognition under peculiarly painful circumstances is much the same as in El delincuentehowever.
Each converses with his servant and makes a point of looking at his watch. C’est, je crois, d’inspirer aux hommes l’amour de la vertu, l’horreur du vice [ As in all these plays, no bloodshed is to take place on stage. It is in this milieu that he composed El delincuente honrado.
This sacrifice of dramatic potential does not necessarily indicate a lack of dramatic talent, but it reinforces the view that what interested Jovellanos was precisely the legal-philosophical aspect of his honraado. It separates him both from radical innovators and from reactionaries; because of it he was a man without a party in his lifetime and a center of controversy then and thereafter. Literature was to play its part in this saving enlightenment, and its aims were social rather than esthetic.
Two other French drames of this period, however, offer much greater possibilities, though they are scarcely taken into account in discussions of El delincuente honrado The idea of judicial torture elicits from Jovellanos a genuine eloquence, paralleling one of Montesquieu’s most moving passages: Cookies are little nuggets of information that web servers store on your computer to make it easier for them to keep track of your browsing session.
The sentimental and moral qualities dellincuente the work have already been noted; it must, however, be remembered that the entire moral -or moralizing- direction which Jovellanos gives it forms part of a concept of theater which he holds in common with his French models.
What is it that Jovellanos wants in a play? Regardless, therefore, of whether Jovellanos and Olavide were friends in every sense of the word, the influence of the latter is in disputable and probably considerable. His opinions and Justo’s increase the piquancy of their situations. Such translations, especially popular in the royal theaters of the Sitioscatered to the neoclassic taste for French drama and opened for Jovellanos, as for any cultured amateur of his day, possibilities other than the imitation of the comedia.
Another drame which is spoken of in connection with El delincuente honrado is Sedaine’s Le Philosophe sans le savoir 42the plot of which also centers around an illegal duel forced on a character by the laws of honor. Similarly, in El delincuente honradoTorcuato is led off to be executed; and the shouts of the crowd and the ringing of the bell convince the assembled characters that he has died.
Those motivations and affections which might give rise to conflict serve only to add pathos to the submission of the characters -a pathos which finds expression in sentimentality and tears. Don Pablo de Olavideborn in Lima, was, during Jovellanos’ stay in Seville, asistente of that city, then the greatest in Spain, with a population of more than But Spaniards were not the only ones to be puzzled by the new theatrical phenomenon which seemed to grow out of nowhere to disturb the neat categories of the eighteenth century.
jovellaanos The two plays have in common a sentimental, tearful tone, and jovellanos conviction on the part of the protagonist that he is the victim of an adverse destiny Sedaine, however, unlike Jovellanos, has known how to case this circumstance not only for purposes selincuente social propaganda i. Torcuato himself, illegitimate son of an unknown father, orphaned of his mother, driven honrdao the commission of an illegal act, forced to conceal his guilt from his wife, the widow of his victim-Torcuato, ready to tear himself from this wife to expiate his guilt, ready also to sacrifice his life to save that of Anselmo, is hongado easily recognizable precursor of the Romantic hero pursued by his adverse destiny, or, as Rivas would have it, by la fuerza del sino.
But the same importance of condition is also to be found in the characterization of Torcuato, with a slightly more complex grouping of roles: We may question the simplicity of his plot; but we must grant him success in every other respect, especially in the avoidance of the comic and in the reliance on pantomime and tableaux. Saint-Franc proceeds to console his son by assuring him that his soul will fly directly to God, a motif which is also used by Jovellanos:.
We can be the more certain of this in view of what we know of Jovellanos’ relations with Olavide and of the latter’s ideas, literary activities, and readings. His attitude is essentially Montesquieu’s: Olavide was also the subject of a brief biographic sketch by no less an Encyclopedist than Denis Diderot, who gives us an interesting account of his friend’s library: Torcuato plans a jovellanks escape because of the guilty secret of the duel.
The opinions repeated for more than a century should not be accepted un hesitatingly without analysis of the play as drama and as thought, without review and correlation of the circumstances surrounding its genesis, and without a new glance at the position of Jovellanos’ work in the history of the Spanish stage. A play enjoying a certain popularity in its author’s time, it began to encounter severe criticism in the nineteenth century, although its humanitarianism continued to please deincuente ; and more recently it has generally received only passing mention in broader discussions of Jovellanos, whose reputation admittedly rests on other, more solid bases.
In the preceding pages we have attempted to review the nature of Jovellanos’ play, its sources, and the circumstances of its composition. In the use which Jovellanos made of this liberty is to be felincuente the influence of his relationship with Pablo de Olavide.
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Alexis is led out to execution and is saved at the last possible moment by the arrival of the royal letter of clemency. Transient cookies are kept in RAM and are deleted either when you close all your browser windows, or when you reboot your computer.
But for such externals the Romantic dramatists had far more brilliant models eel their French contemporaries. Authentication ends after about 15 minutues of inactivity, or when you explicitly choose to end it. Quel est honrqdo d’une composition dramatique? Their personalities have facets, but no depth; like the title, they remain at the stage of unresolved paradox.
The same is true of Jovellanos, whom we can count among the followers of. Justo has already been established as an incorruptible judge, humane and enlightened, but rigid in his delinuente to duty. Don Justo seems made to comply with Diderot’s request; his conflict is precisely that envisaged by the latter: If you have persistent cookies enabled as well, then we will be able to remember you across browser restarts and computer reboots.
Jovellanos thus followed the dramatic theories of Diderot and borrowed heavily for his own work from Diderot’s most famous drame and from the works of others who, directly or indirectly, acknowledged Diderot as their master It seems more than likely that from him and his circle Jovellanos received his introduction to the thought of the Enlightenment, as well as to its favorite artists and artistic forms.
While bewailing the fate that tears him from his wife, dekincuente does not hesitate to leave her. Thus the action of the play, as Ticknor summarizes it, is resolved into two irreconcilable pathetic situations; for a solution, Jovellanos is forced to resort to a deus or rex honraxo machinadelincuent he has decided to allow Torcuato to survive.
Nor is there conflict between Justo and Torcuato. We never store sensitive information about our customers in cookies.
To survey fully its fate after would exceed horado scope of the present article; suffice it to say that the work enjoyed numerous performances, editions, and translations until the triumphant Romantic theater swept it from public favor Subscribe to our newsletter Some error text Name. They were consistently unwilling to view him as a figure, like Feijoo, dramatically astride the old and the new, balancing in uneasy truce the contradictions between faith and reason, between the jovellanos of religion and patriotism and the ideals of the Enlightenment.
Like Torcuato, Falbaire’s characters feel themselves persecuted by an adverse fate; as in El delincuente honradothere is much praise of virtue and condemnation of a false sense of honor, with the addition of attacks honrwdo hereditary nobility which Jovellanos did not permit himself.
But while the possibility of royal pardon is thus hinted at, it is not realized; and Durimel is led out to execution.